Julian Gun Cuninghamejgc@goughsq.co.uk
Julian is experienced in consumer credit, commercial and property law. He also deals with related areas including asset tracing, banking, financial services, insurance, fraud, misrepresentation and undue influence. He has wide experience of professional negligence claims against solicitors, barristers, accountants, surveyors and construction professionals. He is regularly instructed on mortgage and housing cases on contested possession claims and suspensions of warrants for possession. He acts in employment disputes and advises on HR issues. He has had considerable experience of being a representative at mediations and has been trained in advanced mediation techniques. He appears in courts and tribunals throughout England and Wales.
Julian is able to accept Public Access instructions in the above areas of work. This enables him to accept instructions without a solicitor or intermediary. He can give advice, write or draft letters and draft documents and appear as an advocate. Julian is ranked by the Chambers and Partners directory as a Leading Practitioner in Consumer Law (see Directory Quotes below).
- Arkin (as fixed charge receiver) v Marshall  EWCA Civ 620: Julian represented the successful borrowers on a public access basis in the County Court at Central London and, led by Stephen Knafler QC, in the Court of Appeal in this important decision on Practice Direction 51Z staying possession proceedings for 90 days from 27 March 2020 due to the coronavirus pandemic. The Court of Appeal decided that PD 51Z was a valid pilot scheme and the stay can only be lifted in the most exceptional circumstances where the stay is inconsistent with the purpose of PD 51Z, which is to ensure the administration of justice is carried out so as not to endanger public health. The Court of Appeal decided that applications for agreed case management directions could be made and embodied in an order during the stay, but the directions themselves would be stayed.
- Greenlands Trading Ltd v Pontearso  EWHC 278 (Ch): Decision by Nugee J on appeal against the decision of HHJ Wulwik that a relationship between a lender and a borrower was not unfair under s 140A of the Consumer Credit Act 1974 . Points that arose were whether a default rate of 3% per month on a six month bridging loan with an interest rate of 1.45% per month was penal and unfair, whether Chubb v Dean  EWHC 1282 (Ch) was good law and whether unfairness is to be assessed objectively even if the borrower does not perceive unfairness. The Court of Appeal has refused permission to appeal on a second tier appeal;
- Southern Landlords Association v Brighton and Hove City Council: successful challenge on behalf of the SLA (now iHowz) to the decision of BHCC to introduce selective licensing of private rented sector property in 12 wards in Brighton and Hove under Part 3 of the Housing Act 2004, including judicial review proceedings and representations made to the Secretary of State (led by Ranjit Bhose QC of Cornerstone);
- Siddiqui v NHS Commissioning Board  EWHC 1257 (QB): an application to strike out an action brought by a dentist against the NHS under the rule in Henderson v Henderson (1843) 3 Hare 100 and applying the rule in Aldi Stores Ltd v WSP Group PLC  1 WLR 748 as there was a pre-existing action brought by the NHS against the dentist, which is due to be tried in December 2018 in the Queen’s Bench Division. Julian was leading Richard Roberts against a silk and junior team from 30 Park Place, Cardiff;
- Lukan v Ghana Commercial Finance Ltd (in liquidation)  EWHC 418 (QB): successful out of time appeal against a circuit judge’s decision in 2011 not to set aside a possession order, which had been made by a district judge when Mr Lukan was absent in Nigeria. The transcript of the circuit judge’s decision not to set it aside had been destroyed and therefore the High Court dealt with the appeal by way of rehearing, rather than review. Lane J decided that Mr Lukan met the criteria under CPR r39.3(5) to set aside the possession order, as he had a real prospect of success in his defence, namely that (i) the agreement was a regulated credit agreement which was unenforceable without a court order, due to non-compliance with the Consumer Credit (Agreements) Regulations 1983 and (ii) there was an ‘unfair relationship’. A previous High Court Judge had extended the time for bringing the appeal, but Lane J said that he would have done so in any event.
- Richards v Mckeown  EWCA Civ 2374: Successful second tier appeal against the dismissal of a solicitor’s negligence claim because the claimant had added a personal injury claim to the claim form by amendment before service of the claim form and more than three years after the personal injury, but within six years of the accrual of the cause of action against the solicitor. The county court judge had held wrongly that section 33 of the Limitation Act 1980 did not apply to a mixed personal injury and professional negligence claim and that he could not sever the personal injury claim from the professional negligence claim. The High Court judge on appeal held correctly that section 33 applied, but incorrectly that the claimant had to issue an application notice to rely on it in opposition to a strike out/summary judgment application, and agreed that the personal injury claim could not be severed. The Court of Appeal held that there was no limitation issue because the claim as issued had no personal injury element and the issue was whether the amendment of the claim form to add a personal injury claim after issue but before service would be disallowed. The Court of Appeal went on to find that the proper place to take a section 33 point was in a Reply to a pleaded limitation Defence and there was no need to take the point on a summary judgment/strike out application before service of the Defence. The Court of Appeal also found that the personal injury claim could be severed, if the claim was statute barred.
- Edwards v Kumarasamy  UKSC 40  AC 1334: Successful appeal to the Supreme Court from the Court of Appeal on the liability of an intermediate landlord with a long lease of a single flat to his assured shorthold tenant for disrepair in the paved area in front of a building containing 10 flats. The Supreme Court decided that the paved area, between the front hall and the car park, where the tenant had tripped over a paving stone in disrepair was not part of the “structure and exterior” of the front hall and therefore section 11 of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1985 did not apply and the appeal succeeded. The Supreme Court went on to decide two further points that had been argued. 1) It was decided that the intermediate landlord had an “interest” in the common parts because of the leasehold easement that had been granted to him by his long lease of the flat, even though he had sublet the flat and the easement to his AST tenant. 2) Of major importance in this area of law, the Supreme Court considered the rule that a covenant to keep a building in repair was breached the moment the building fell into disrepair and the exception to that rule that a landlord was not in breach until he had had notice of disrepair of premises demised to a tenant. The Supreme Court extended the notice exception to this case where the common parts were neither demised to the intermediate landlord nor to the tenant because the tenant’s constant use of the common parts meant that he was in a better position than the intermediate landlord to know of any lack of repair of the common parts. The Supreme Court went on to state that the notice exception would not apply to the common parts where a landlord had let parts of a building to two different tenants. Julian Gun Cuninghame took over this case on public access following the AST tenant’s successful appeal to the Court of Appeal and identified the three appeal points set out above, two of which succeeded. Julian, as sole counsel on public access, obtained permission to appeal from the Supreme Court and then (with the assistance of Daniel Brayley) drafted the statement of facts and issues and the landlord’s written case. Julian supervised the preparation of all the bundles for the Supreme Court, including the electronic bundle. It was decided to bring in Philip Rainey QC of Tanfield Chambers for the hearing because of his advocacy experience in the Supreme Court and his specialism in landlord and tenant.
- Vilvarajah v Sriskandarajah, Chancery Divison, Master Bowles, 13 May 2016, four day trial of a partnership account relating to a sub post office and shop in West London, including disputed factual issues and issues under section 42 of the Partnership Act 1890. The Master placed on record “the exceptionally able jobs done” and “how much hard work and effort has been put in” by both counsel and how much they had assisted the court.
- Bluestone Mortgages Ltd v Momoh  CCLR 5: appeal to HHJ Tolson QC in Oxford County Court and permission to appeal refused by Court of Appeal: District Judge was correct to give summary judgment against buy to let landlord in relation to shortfall on mortgage following sale of property by lender and there was no unfair relationship under section 140A of the Consumer Credit Act 1974 involved in lender paying off unpaid service and other charges to freeholder without notice to borrower and then demanding repayment of those charges from borrower;
- Adu v General Medical Council  EWHC 4080 (Admin), McGowan J: appeal pursuant to section 40 of the Medical Act 1983 against a determination of a Fitness to Practice Panel of the Medical Practitioners Tribunal Service of the GMC that a paediatrician’s name be erased from the medical register on grounds that his fitness to practice was impaired by reason of his deficient professional performance. McGowan J said, “Mr Gun Cuninghame particular thanks to you. You came into this difficult and obviously very important case for the appellant very late. I think you managed to get up to speed and pull things together with remarkable skill in a very short period of time. The court is very grateful”;
- Ballantine v Distell Europe Ltd and others, Reading Employment Tribunal, June 2013: 6 day case; successful defence to claims of sex discrimination, harassment, victimisation and constructive unfair dismissal by a marketing manager against her employer and five male colleagues. The tribunal expressed its “extreme gratitude to both Counsel, for presenting their cases in an utterly disciplined and professional fashion … without permitting the acrimony of the parties to feature in the Tribunal”;
- Ladbrokes Betting & Gaming Ltd v Edwards, QBD, Lawtel, 12 April 2013, HHJ Seymour QC: successful application to purge contempt and for release from prison 24 days into a 12 months’ sentence on the basis that the 24 days served satisfied the punitive element and the balance of the sentence had a coercive effect to prevent further breaches;
- Greenwood Forest Products (UK) Ltd v Roberts, QBD Leeds  Bus LR D146: loan by supplier to new company to buy assets of company in administration, personal guarantee by director of new company supported by mortgage on director’s home, mortgagee possession claim and counterclaim for rescission for fraudulent misrepresentation, undue influence and unconscionable bargain;
- Carey v HSBC Bank plc  EWHC 3417 (QB)  CTLC 103  Bus LR 1142: test cases on enforceability of credit card debts, meaning of ‘true copy’, requirement for prescribed terms to be contained in same document as debtor’s signature, discretion to grant declarations, unfair relationship, burden of proof in establishing irredeemable unenforceability: sections 61, 78 and 140A of the Consumer Credit Act 1974;
- Thompson v Charlesworth  EWHC 417 (TCC), TCC Leeds Lawtel: No fixed price for design and build electrical contract between friends where price mentioned was held to be budget estimate;
- Polarpark Enterprises Inc v Allason  EWHC 1088 (Ch);  33 EG 92,  WTLR 1829 and  L&TR 6: Successful application to revoke a High Court writ of possession, enforcing a High Court possession against an occupant under a terminated licence, because the High Court had no enforcement jurisdiction despite having had jurisdiction to make a possession order, s3(1) of the Protection from Eviction Act 1977;
- Crystalmews Ltd (in liquidation) v Metterick  EWHC 2653 (Ch): £200 million freezing injunction in missing trader intra community VAT fraud case and committal application, including guideline case on sentencing for contempt of court;
- Smith v Henniker-Major & Co  EWCA Civ 762  Ch 182  BCLC 655, Chancery Div and Court of Appeal: Unauthorised assignment of professional negligence claim from company to managing director, Companies Act 1985 s35A, ratification, amendment of particulars of claim after expiry of limitation period;
- Davis v Trustee in Bankruptcy of the Estate of Davis  BPIR 572: Effect of claimant’s bankruptcy on clinical negligence claim.
Julian is a member of the Professional Negligence Bar Association and the Employment Law Bar Association
“Personable, knowledgeable and highly competent … For finance and regulation, he’s a first port of call.” Chambers & Partners 2017
“Bolstered by over 20 years of experience handling civil litigation and commercial law matters, Julian Gun Cuninghame frequently acts for debtors against prominent financial institutions. Most recently he has been involved in significant consumer credit litigation.” Chambers & Partners 2016
“He predominantly advises on consumer credit matters, usually for clients with a claim against a bank… He is very assured and highly experienced.” Chambers & Partners 2015
“A respected barrister whose excellent client manner emanates in large part from his previous career as a solicitor … ‘accessible, punctual, patient and willing to simplify often complicated legal language’.” Chambers & Partners 2014
“‘a very good advocate’ who ‘has an easy manner, is tenacious and is a good cross examiner’.” Chambers & Partners 2013
VAT number: 576976957